Declaration: the treaty with England
The result of the treaty with the English commissioners2

The which day the convention of estates having read and considered the paper of 25 August concerning the result of the treaty between the committee appointed by the said estates and the commissioners appointed by the parliament of England, the said estates ordain the said paper to be subscribed by the clerk of the said committee as good grounds for conclusions of the two houses of the said parliament of England to authorise their commissioners to conclude the same, and remit the perfecting and effectuating thereof for the part of the estates of Scotland to the committee of estates residing at Edinburgh. Of the which result the tenor follows:

25 August 1643

The particulars concerning the assistance desired by the houses of the parliament of England from their brethren of Scotland, being delivered by the English commissioners on 19 August to the convention of estates, they did hereupon give power to their committees to consider and debate further with the English commissioners of what other propositions might be added or concluded whereby the assistance desired might be made more effectual and beneficial. In pursuance whereof, the propositions following were considered of and debated by the committee and commissioners aforesaid to be certified with all convenient speed to the two houses of the parliament of England and the convention of the estates of Scotland by their respective committees and commissioners, to be respectively taken into their considerations and proceeded with as they shall find cause.

1. That the covenant represented to the convention of estates and general assembly of Scotland and sent herewith to both the houses of the parliament of England be sworn and subscribed by both kingdoms as a most near tie and conjunction between them for their mutual defence against the papists and prelatical faction and their adherents in both kingdoms and for pursuing of the ends expressed in the said covenant.

2. That an army for this purpose shall be levied forthwith consisting of [...] foot effective and [...] horse effective, with a suitable train of artillery, to be ready at some general rendezvous near the borders of England to march into England for the purposes aforesaid with all convenient speed. The said foot and horse to be well and completely armed and provided with victuals and pay for 40 days, and the said train of artillery to be fitted in all points ready to march.

3. The army to be commanded by a general appointed by the estates of Scotland and subject to such resolutions and directions as are and shall be agreed and concluded upon between the two kingdoms or by committees appointed by them in that behalf for pursuance of the ends above-mentioned.

4. That the charge of levying, arming and bringing the said forces together furnished, as also the fitting the train of artillery in readiness to march to be computed and set down according to the same rates as if the kingdom of Scotland were to raise the said army for themselves and their own affairs. All which for the present is to be done by the kingdom of Scotland upon account, and when the peace of the two kingdoms is settled, the same to be paid or satisfied to the kingdom of Scotland.

5. This army to be paid likewise as if the kingdom of Scotland were to employ the same upon their own occasions; and toward the defraying thereof (it not amounting to the full month's pay) shall be monthly allowed and paid the sum of £30,000 sterling by the parliament of England out of the estates of the revenues of the papists, prelates, malignants and their adherents or otherwise; and in case that notwithstanding the said monthly sum of £30,000 paid as aforesaid, the estates and kingdom of Scotland shall have just cause to demand further satisfaction of their brethren of England when the peace of both two kingdoms is settled for the pains, hazard and charges they have undergone in the same, they shall by way of brotherly assistance have due recompense made to them by the kingdom of England out of the said lands and estates of the papists and their adherents, prelates, malignants and otherwise; and for the assurance thereof, the public faith of the kingdom of England is to be given to them.

6. And to the end the said army in manner aforesaid may be enabled and prepared to march, the kingdom of England is to pay in ready money to their brethren of Scotland (or such as shall have power from the estates of that kingdom) the sum of £100,000 sterling at Leith or Edinburgh with all convenient speed by way of advance beforehand, which is to be discounted back again to the kingdom of England by the kingdom of Scotland upon the first monthly allowances which shall grow due to the Scottish army from the time they shall make their first entrance into the kingdom of England.

7. That the kingdom of Scotland, to manifest their willingness to their utmost ability to be helpful to their brethren of England in this common cause, will give the public faith of the kingdom of Scotland to be jointly made use of with the public faith of the kingdom of England for the present taking up of £200,000 sterling in the kingdom of England or elsewhere for the speedy procuring the said £100,000 sterling as aforesaid. As also a considerable sum for the satisfying in good proportion the arrears of the Scottish army in Ireland.

8. That no cessation nor any pacification nor agreement for peace whatsoever shall be made by either kingdom or the armies of either kingdom without the mutual advice, consent and assent of each kingdom or their committees appointed on that behalf.

9. That the public faith of the kingdom of Scotland shall be given to their brethren of England that neither their entrance into nor continuance in the kingdom of England shall be made use of to any other ends than as are expressed in the covenant and articles of this treaty; and that all matters of difference that shall happen to arise between the subjects of the two nations shall be resolved and determined by the mutual advice and consent of both kingdoms, or by such committees for this purpose as shall be by them appointed.

10. That in the same manner and upon the same conditions as the kingdom of Scotland is willing to aid and assist their brethren of England, the kingdom of England do oblige themselves to aid and assist the kingdom of Scotland in the same or similar cases of straits and extremities.

11. That during the time that the Scottish army shall be employed as aforesaid for the defence of the kingdom of England, there shall be fitted out as men of war eight ships, whereof six shall be of burden between 120 and 200 tun; and the others between 300 and 400 tun, whereof two shall be in lieu of the two ships appointed by the Irish treaty. All which shall be maintained at the charge of the kingdom of England to be employed for the defence of the estates of Scotland under such commanders and according to such directions as shall be mutually agreed upon by both kingdoms, or their committees appointed in that behalf.

  1. NAS. PA8/1, f.94v-96v.
  2. A copy of the numbered items without the introductory paragraph can be found in NAS. PA6/8 at 12 August 1643; a full copy without the convention's preamble (i.e. it begins 'The particulars') can be found in PA6/8 at 25 August; a copy of the convention's preamble can be found in PA6/8 at 26 August.