Charter: to John de Dunbar and Marjory Stewart of the earldom of Moray

The king, etc., to all, etc. Know that we have given etc., to our beloved son John de Dunbar and Marjory [Stewart], [his] spouse, our most beloved daughter, the entire earldom of Moray with the pertinents, except the lordships and lands of Lochaber and of Badenoch and the castle of Urquhart and the barony of the same, also our great customs which pertain through the whole of the aforesaid earldom and from the same earldom. All the aforesaid earldom to be held and had, with the exceptions mentioned above, by John and Marjory and the longest surviving of them, and the heirs legitimately procreated or to be procreated between them, and themselves perchance failing, George de Dunbar, earl of March, and his legitimate heirs whomsoever, of us and our heirs, in fee and heritage in one complete and free earldom and in pure and free regality, by all their proper boundaries and divisions, in woods, plains, meadows, pastures and grazing-lands, muirs, marshes, rivers, ponds, mills, multures and their appurtenances, hawkings and huntings, bonds, bondages, natives and their appurtenances, with the tenancies and services of the freeholders, with patronages of churches, with courts, both of the four points pertaining to the coronation and others, with the issues and escheats of the same courts, with fees and forfeitures, pertaining both to peace and war, and with all manner of other liberties, profits and easements and lawful pertinents whatsoever, only those excepted above being excluded, namely both named and unnamed, both far and near, both below ground and above ground, pertaining to the said earldom or which may pertain in any way in future. The aforementioned John and Marjory and their aforesaid heirs, whom failing the said George, earl of March, and his heirs of whatever sort, making to us and our heirs thereupon the service of two knights in our army. We also grant to the same John and Marjory and their aforesaid heirs, and failing them the aforementioned George, earl of March, and his heirs whomsoever, for us and our heirs and our successors, that whenever and so often as relief [is due] concerning the said earldom to us or our successors by the death of the earl of the same earldom or otherwise, precisely £200 sterling ought to pertain and no more ought to be paid by relief, and no more is [to be] exacted thereupon in any way. In [testimony] of which matter, etc. Witnesses, etc. At Scone in our full parliament held in the same place on 9 March in the second year of our reign [1372].

  1. NAS, Register of the Great Seal, C1/4/3. Back
  2. Relief is a feudal casualty paid to the overlord by the heir of a feudal tenant on taking up possession of the vacant estate. Back